THE ISLAND OF ELBA
The island of Elba, or simply just Elba, is situated between the Ligurian Sea to the north, the Piombino Strait to the east, the Tyrrhenian Sea to the south and the Corsica Channel to the west, at around 10 kilometres from the mainland. Elba is the largest of the islands of the Tuscan Archipelago, and is the third largest in Italy (223 km²). Together with the other islands of the archipelago (Pianosa, Capraia, Gorgona, Montecristo, Giglio and Giannutri), Elba forms part of the Arcipelago Toscano National Park. The island was known to the Etruscans as Aethalia.
The flat area of Procchio was already inhabited in the Palaeolithic Era (near today’s Campo all’Aia). Remains of a small Etruscan mountain fortress have been found on Monte Castello, which towers over the island. In the Roman era, a cipollino marble quarry stood on the headland that encloses the Procchio beach to the east, which is named Agnone (from the Latin angulus, ‘corner’).